Farm-to-cocktail party…

Originally published 4/18/13 in Chico News & Review.

Thanks to Sex and the City, Mad Men and an explosion of artisan distillers, the country is obsessed with cocktail culture, and last call is nowhere in sight. While some drinkers look for tradition and authenticity in their highballs, others look to redefine the standards and push the boundaries of what we expect out of a cocktail.

In The Drunken Botanist: The Plants That Create the World’s Best Drinks, Amy Stewart leaves this dissension behind and takes libations back to their roots on a journey that’s as refreshing as a mint julep on a hot day. By examining more than 150 well-known and obscure ingredients that go into alcohol and cocktails from a botanical perspective, Stewart—author of bestseller Wicked Plants—simultaneously embraces tradition and innovation in search of a great cocktail.

Drunken BotanistThe Eureka-based author breaks the book down into three sections that roughly follow the farm-to-cocktail process—fermentation and distillation, infusion, and mixers and garnishes. It all begins with the plants we associate with the creation of alcohol, such as potatoes, wheat and corn, but deeper into the book, the real fun begins as the ingredients become more obscure. Agave and grapes give way to monkey puzzle, bison grass, sassafras and yuzu. With each ingredient, Stewart lays out a combination of botanical, cultural, historical, gardening and culinary tidbits of information that form the perfect combination of brevity and lesser-known facts for cocktail party conversation. And she maintains a balance between drunken revelry and botanical order by making the natural world and Latin etymology approachable while ensuring a fascinating or humorous anecdote is never far off.

In the section on pomegranates, Stewart explains that grenadine began as sweet pomegranate syrup taking its name from the French word for pomegranate, grenade—a word also given to the handheld explosive that shares the size and shape of the fruit. Today, we know grenadine as artificial viscous red syrup, but Stewart urges us to scour specialty shops for pomegranate-based grenadine or, better yet, make our own batch at home with the included recipe. It’s in instances such as these that Stewart mends the fences between traditional and modern cocktail culture—modern mixologists and artisan distillers as well as 18th-century Parisians and New World settlers agree that the key to an exceptional drink is exceptional ingredients.

While the book contains more than 50 recipes, many of the ingredients are uncommon. At first, when you’re scanning for a drink to mix up and enjoy while diving into the book, it’s off-putting to stumble upon recipe after recipe reliant upon crème de violette, elderflowers, sorghum syrup, or other ingredients that may be readily available at specialty shops or online, but probably won’t be found in your liquor cabinet. However, this is a blessing in disguise because The Drunken Botanist doesn’t contain re-hashed recipes for Tequila Sunrise, Sex on the Beach or Jägerbombs. Instead, we’re challenged with unique flavors in cocktails you won’t find at Applebee’s, such as The Douglas Expedition (see recipe), which includes a Douglas fir eau de vie. Accompanying the recipe is an anecdote on how McCarthy’s Clear Creek Distillery in Oregon uses an infusion of buds from the Douglas fir to create the green, forest-scented spirit.

Throughout the book, Stewart infuses the anecdotes, recipes and historical information with a voice that loves the natural world and good booze. Neither the author nor the book buy into theatricalities behind the bar—referencing the practice of lighting sambuca on fire, Stewart chides drinkers to just, “sip it like an adult.” The result is a book that emulates the plants and drinks it honors—unique, colorful, intriguing and something you want to share with guests at your next party.

The Douglas Expedition

1 ounce London dry gin

1 ounce Douglas fir eau de vie

1/2 ounce St-Germain elderflower


Juice of 1 lemon wedge

Shake all the ingredients with ice and serve in a cocktail glass.

And for a drink from Stewart’s book with easier-to-find ingredients:

The Frank Meyer Expedition

1 1/2 ounces vodka

3/4 ounce simple syrup

3/4 ounce Meyer lemon juice

Dry sparkling wine or sparkling water

Lemon peel

Shake the vodka, simple syrup, and lemon juice over ice and strain into a cocktail glass. Float sparkling wine (or sparkling water) on top and garnish with lemon peel.


Jim Henson: The Biography

Originally published 1/16/14 in Chico News & Review.

Jim Henson BiographyEven without The Muppets, Sesame Street, Fraggle Rock, or the myriad other Jim Henson creations, the artist’s biography would still stand as a fascinating look into the life of an unwavering optimist driven by his own high standards and sense of morality and decency. Biographer Brian Jay Jones doesn’t force connections between the man, the artist and the art. Instead, through Henson’s personal notes and interviews with friends, family and colleagues, readers come to see the world as Henson saw it. There are plenty of did-you-know? moments—a rocky involvement in the opening season of Saturday Night Live, Tim Burton’s role in The Muppet Movie and the unexpected births of many now-iconic characters—but Jones’ examination of detailed shooting schedules, business deals, and the rise of television, film, and puppetry technology and popularity prove as inspiring and refreshing as the slow strum of Kermit’s banjo. For generations raised on and heavily influenced by the late Henson’s creations, it’s impossible to imagine loving the man and his Muppets even more. Yet, by the time tears arrived at the book’s inevitable ending, the story of Henson’s life served as a reminder of one of many lessons that he taught his fans: For the lovers, the dreamers, and me, nothing is impossible.

Intro to graphic novels…

Originally published in 1/30/14 in Chico News & Review.

Bat ComicsWading into the sea of options available at your local comic store can be a bit overwhelming, even for seasoned fans of the format. But if you don’t know your Ant-Man from your Giant-Man, breaking into the world of comics can seem downright daunting—especially if you’re not even sure you want to make the commitment to an ongoing monthly comic series. Graphic novels and trade paperbacks, on the other hand, offer a self-contained story and can be the perfect vehicle for newcomers to discover the medium and for fans to find new favorite writers and artists.

Here are four graphic novels that showcase what the medium has to offer; from stark black-and-white teen angst to colorfully cartoonish battles, this is an introduction to the series people will be talking about in 2014:

Battling Boy, First Second Books

When his father sends Battling Boy on a rambling rite of passage to rid Arcopolis of the monsters that threaten the far-off world, the young boy faces not only building-size monstrosities but also local politicians, public accolade and the need for self-reliance. For younger readers, Battling Boy is an identifiable hero—inexperienced and unsure—kicking monster butt and saving the world in a classic tale of good versus evil filled with oddball characters and cartoonish villains. Older readers may look deeper into the story and find government and military satire, plenty of nods to classic comic books and TV shows, and—with the inclusion of Aurora, the young daughter of Arcopolis’ fallen hero—an examination of the father/child relationship.

It’s a great story that fully utilizes the medium. Colorist Hilary Sycamore’s use of a single background color throughout a scene or location adds a distinctive atmosphere to an alien world or depth to an island floating in space. Writer Paul Pope optimizes the layout, making a single panel explode with action or a two-page spread overwhelm the reader in its still gravity. It’s one hell of a ramble.

Beautiful Creatures, Yen Press

The graphic adaptation of Kami Garcia and Margaret Stohl’s 2009 young-adult novel boils down the supernaturally Southern teenage love story to its core. Unlike the 2013 film adaptation, the graphic novel takes a more subdued approach to the story and focuses on Ethan and Lena’s struggle against cursed love, family secrets and a claiming that will determine Lena’s eternal fate.

Artist Cassandra Jean’s black-and-white manga style echoes the all-or-nothing extremes of teen angst and love, with the stark visual contrast amplifying the already elevated emotions. The art and subject are a great pairing, and together they create a moody modern fairy tale.

Hawkeye, Vol. 1: My Life as a Weapon, Marvel

In writer Matt Fraction’s hands, Clint Barton is an everyman—an everyman backed by Earth’s mightiest heroes. When he’s not saving the world with the The Avengers or training Kate Bishop to replace him as Hawkeye, Barton is a pissed off New Yorker surrounded by crime and indecency too inconsequential for superheroes to notice. While The Avengers’ job is always the same—save the world—Fraction understands that an alter ego’s life is far from routine, and this allows him to tell a variety of stories that look at the character from different angles, all without losing an ounce of action or the boomerang arrow.

Five Ghosts, Vol. 1: The Haunting of Fabian Gray, Image Comics

With plenty of story and art nods to the pulp comics of the 1930s, and similarities to Indiana Jones and The League of Extraordinary Gentleman, writer Frank J. Barbiere and artist Chris Mooneyham’s Five Ghosts exists in that time and space where science and magic seem interchangeable, artifacts are more powerful than weapons, and it’s the good guys versus the bad guys until the bitter end.

The ongoing series is an exciting adventure with our awesomely named stoic hero, Fabian Gray, who magically—thanks to shards of Dreamstone embedded in his chest (that are slowly killing him)—calls upon the talents of ghosts resembling Sherlock Holmes, Robin Hood, Merlin, Miyamoto Musashi and Dracula so that he may escape run-ins with Nazis and a hostile tribe that worships giant spiders. Full of biplanes, magical cities and dragons, Five Ghosts is a deliciously guilty pleasure that will leave you hunting for the next issue.

Guilty Pleasures: Mouthful of Meatballs…

Originally published Jan/Feb 2013 in Oakland.

Though Singing Pizza Elmo still greets you when you walk into Emeryville’s Rotten City Pizza, neither he—nor his anthropomorphic animatronic pizza—no longer dances while singing, “Yum-my, yum-my, that’s a pizza pie.” His fading, sun-bleached fur gives him a ghostly pink pallor, no longer the bright red of ripe tomatoes—a color now reserved for the roasted tomato sauce Rotten City uses on the meatball subs.

The 6-inch sub ($10.50) is a crunchy pouch overflowing with tangy sauce, gooey cheese, and three different kinds of meat. Some may reach for a fork and knife. Please, pick it up; the sweet deli rolls, from Berkeley’s Acme Bread Company, will do the heavy lifting. Rotten City bakes them to perfection, so the crust holds its crispiness and won’t limp into sogginess, spilling all of the good stuff into the papered basket.

Tide pools of roasted tomato sauce collect in the bread, becoming unexpected little pockets of subtly spiced, zesty acidity. Rotten City makes the sauce and meatballs in house, roasting both together so they can soak up each other’s deliciousness as they cook.

The meatballs, a combination of pork, beef, and veal, are juicy and fatty without being greasy. Two racquetball-sized meatballs fill the sub, so that a cross-section looks like a meatloaf wrapped in a pizza. A bubbling top layer of mozzarella and provolone sprinkled with Parmesan seals everything in the roll, while another layer below the meatballs ensures that as eaters nibble away at alternating sides like a woodchuck, each bite includes a little bit of that gooey mozzarella that’s just a few stretches shy of taffy.

Perfectly cooked local and house-made ingredients mixed with an overdose of carbs, cheese, and meat, Rotten City’s meatball sub is the alchemical combination of comfort food and guilty pleasure. It’s just the thing for days when even Elmo is down in the dumps.

Rotten City Pizza, 6613 Hollis St., Emeryville, 510-655-2489,

Alameda Academy Awards…

Originally published May/June 2013 in Oakland.

Photo courtesy Project YouthviewCompared to 30 years ago, filmmaking and distribution are easy. Mobile phones record high-definition video, and anyone can upload content to YouTube or social networks where people from around the world can see it. The average person creates and consumes media on a previously unmatched level, and Hollywood no longer has a monopoly on the cinematic process.

This democratization of technology and distribution channels is a blessing for filmmakers, but while the means are becoming increasingly accessible, it’s still as difficult—if not more difficult—for filmmakers to have their voices heard amid the billions vying for attention.

In 2005, Alternatives in Action set out  to provide a venue for young filmmakers—the Bay Area Youth Film Festival—an  event where they could share with the  community the local and national issues that affect them. The Alameda-based nonprofit constructed the festival to empower youth to take leadership roles in their lives and communities. Since its inception, the annual festival—now called  Project YouthView—has not only high-lighted the work of more than 250 filmmakers, it has also provided training and real-world experience to the 75 kids who’ve helped plan the upscale affair at the historic  Alameda Theatre. The screening and awards show—presided over by celebrity and industry judges—takes place on May 9 and is a chance for young artists to walk the red carpet and see their films on the big screen. Out of 75 films, nine are selected for screening for their exceptional voice, quality, and content.

We had a chance to speak with a few of the finalists about their films and their inspirations for speaking up about the issues affecting them and their communities.

“As an Oakland resident myself,” Zijun “Stephy” Liang says, “I’ve seen several robberies and fights on the streets and heard a lot of gunshots outside my apartment.” The 19-year-old filmmaker called upon her personal experiences when creating Fast Forward: The Road to a Peaceful Oakland, one of the films chosen. It is a documentary that explores the Season of Peace-Building campaign, which was organized by young men and women from Life Academy of Health and Bioscience High School to build awareness, through fasting and community outreach, about the high number of Oakland teens and young adults who die in homicides.

Liang, who acted as the documentary’s director and videographer, created the short with other youths through the Media Enterprise Alliance program. MEA mentors provided professional equipment and experience to bring the students’ vision to life. Under the mentors’ guidance, the students researched the nonviolence campaign, filmed interviews with Life Academy students and faculty, and edited the clips into a cohesive story. The MEA, which partners with Oakland Unified School District’s public-access station KDOL, focuses on media arts and video production with an emphasis on transferring these skills into a job or college setting. While Liang wants to pursue a career in film, the MEA program offers something more personal as well. “Students in the program get chances to do a lot of hands-on work, express their opinions … [and] let their voices be heard. I wanted to be involved in this program because I did not want to miss an opportunity to better myself and do something for the community.”

Fast Forward is Liang’s second time working on a film through the MEA program, and she saw the documentary as a way to spread the campaign’s message. “I want to live in a peaceful community, not a scary one. I want our voices to be heard by more people through this film.”

In Fast Forward, we see and hear how  violence in Oakland affects the lives of young and old alike, but for Liang, the documentary has a hopeful message as well. “I want people to learn that someone cares about the community and wants Oakland to be peaceful. It’s hard to stop violence, but at least we can do something to abate violence.”

Much like Liang, Walden Smith sees film as a means of spreading the word about important issues. The 14-year-old Alameda resident worked with fellow Alameda County 4-H members on Take Out Takeout, a comedic animated les-​son on San Leandro’s recent ban on Styrofoam food containers. Prior  to making the film, the home-schooled  teenager appeared in front of the San  Leandro City Council to argue for the ban on polystyrene foam containers often used in restaurants as easy and inexpensive  to-go containers.

“Basically, since Styrofoam is so brittle, when it’s swept into the ocean, it breaks apart and sort of decomposes, but not really,” Smith explains. “The chemicals make the water bad and unclean; it’s just not a good material. If you reheat your food in the Styrofoam, it tends to leach chemicals into the food, so it’s also a safety hazard in  some ways.”

When San Leandro’s Polystyrene Foam Food Service Ware Ordinance went into effect late last year—joining similar bans in Alameda, Oakland, and Berkeley—Smith worked with a half dozen other youths to help educate people about the dangers of Styrofoam and the new law in a fun and humorous manner. In Take Out Takeout, Smith explains, “The idea is that all of the Styrofoam characters are leaving San Leandro, so we have them marching out of town. Then we inform you that there’s a ban going into effect and you have to stop using Styrofoam.”

The filmmakers used a mash-up of styles to construct the story. “We animated it by taking photos of each prop and cutting it up and piecing it together so that it looks like traditional paper animation, but it’s all digital.” Smith relied on characterization and humor to bring the props, such as Styrofoam cups and clamshells, to life and help drive the narrative. “For a lot of the props, we had to be creative. We realized, ‘Oh, my god, the clamshell looks like it has a mouth.’ So, we animated the lid to open and close, and that’s how it talks.” Each prop has a different caricature; the oyster pail—often used as Chinese food takeout containers—is a Samurai with weaponized chopsticks, and the green waste container is the cool kid on the block.

For four years, Smith has worked with Alameda County 4-H to promote environmental stewardship and it’s evident in Take Out Takeout, which combines Smith’s dedication to the environment, his desire to build a career as a documentary filmmaker, and a teenager’s humor to create a unique short film ready for the  silver screen.

For some Project YouthView finalists, such as 16-year-old Lily Yu, the filmmaking process  proved to be as eye-opening as the film’s subject material. For Yu, film wasn’t her first form of artistic expression; that honor belonged to music. “I really love music,” Yu says, “I’m in my school’s jazz band. I had just started in film, and I didn’t know much about it, so I decided to do a music video.”

That music video, Limitations, caught Project YouthView attention, and Yu found a new medium for her voice. Since filming Limitations, she’s contributed to three videos for KQED chronicling the Oakland dropout crisis.

The Skyline High School student came to film through the Bay Area  Video Coalition, or BAVC, a group that organizes classes, events, after-school programs, and resources to help artists working in film, music, and digital  media enact social change through their work. Yu found her source material and inspiration in a fellow BAVC member, Moria Moore.

“[Limitations]  talks  about  African- Americans, and it came from Moria  Moore’s album, History in the Streets,” Yu says. “I thought it would be nice to complement her music with Oakland’s history. In the  music video, I used found footage from documentaries about the Black  Panthers, and I decided to focus the video on that. You’ll see [Moore] in the spots that the Black Panthers were in many  years ago.”

Jason Jakaitas and Ewen Wright, Yu’s BAVC mentors, guided her in telling her story through an unfamiliar medium. “They taught me how to improve my beginning idea and how to keep people interested. I had to write out locations for each shot—‘Where do I imagine this part of the song?’” While Yu found the idea-generating process exhilarating, she admits that she incorrectly assumed that creating a music video would be simpler than other styles. Amid constant scheduling conflicts, weather delays, difficulty securing filming permits, and the endless need to hear the same song over and over again, Yu just wanted to, “get it over with.”  However, that feeling gave way to something more powerful in the editing bay.

“When it comes time to edit, you see the great stuff you’ve filmed. In the end, being able to watch the video and say, ‘This is what I’ve accomplished,’ feels amazing …  Limitations is the first video I made, and being  16 and being accepted into a film festival feels amazing.”

Yu’s next film through BAVC tackles a more personal subject that she believes will resonate with many teenagers. “A lot of people  assume that since you’re a teenager, you’re lazy and you don’t do anything. It explores the pressure, anxiety, and stress that teenagers  can have.”

Project YouthView and media programs throughout the Bay Area provide youths with the tools and the venues to deliver their voices with a professional polish. In an age where voicing an opinion for the world to hear is as easy as clicking a few buttons, the festival serves as a reminder that just because  the number of voices entering the stream has drastically increased in recent years, their worth and importance have not lessened. “Youths  can make a difference,” Liang says. “Every- one can make a difference. It is not about  the age.”

Charmed by Lodi’s Old Vines…

Originally published December 2013 in Oakland magazine.

Photo courtest Lodi Visitor CenterFor a town that’s best known for Creedence Clearwater Revival’s lyrical languishing at their misfortune to be stuck in Lodi (again), it’s no surprise to find an underdog undercurrent running through the vineyards and into downtown Lodi. Over the years, Lodi has watched Napa command the wine spotlight, all the while supplying many Sonoma Valley wineries with grapes. These days, you’re more likely to see Lodi printed on a Sonoma Valley wine label. While the Central Valley residents are pleased that their hard work is finally being recognized, they aren’t afraid to remind you that the recognition is decades late in arriving. Today, outsiders are finally discovering this small town and the charm it’s held onto while thriving in Napa’s shadow.

Located 75 miles northeast of Oakland, Lodi is a perfect day trip. Or for a romantic weekend, Wine & Roses offers a slice of luxury amid the agricultural backdrop. The resort features a newly renovated spa and fine dining highlighting local and sustainable cuisine. The establishment shares a property with the Lodi Wine and Visitor’s Center where you can meander through a small demonstration vineyard, pick up a map to more than 70 regional wineries, and sample from a rotating lineup of local favorites.

Lodi has always been a wine town—the first commercial vintner sprang up in 1858—and one of its greatest assets is blocks of vines no younger than 50 years old, appropriately referred to as “Old Vines.” Around town, Klinker Brick Winery’s Old Ghost—sourced from more than 90-year-old vines—elicits hushed tones of excitement and reverence. Walk into Heritage Oak Winery and you’ll find owners and winemakers Tom and Carmella Hoffman pouring tastes and talking shop with visitors. In Lodi, it’s common to find winemakers in the tasting room discussing their efforts with guests, as many wineries are family-owned and operated. For generations, locals’ veins have run red with wine and it shows in their pride over a great product they can’t wait to share. If Napa sells wine, Lodi loves wine.

The recently reinvigorated School Street in downtown Lodi is burgeoning with pouring rooms and restaurants offering everything from martinis to burgers as well as wine’s significant other, Cheese Central. Stop in and let owner Cindy Della Monica spoil you with samples and help you stock up for a picnic at Micke Grove Park—home to a zoo, Japanese garden, kids amusement park, and historical museum.

While the original A&W Root Beer stand that opened in 1919 is no longer there, you can stop in at the East Lodi Avenue location that has stood since 1955 and now contains a mini museum commemorating the soda’s birthplace. The signature Root Beer Float, in fact, with ridiculously creamy soft-serve ice cream and house-made spiced root beer, is still unparalleled.

After one sip, you’ll yearn to be stuck in Lodi, again.

Discover Lodi

Wine & Roses, 2505 W. Turner Road, Lodi, 209-334-6988,

Lodi Wine and Visitor’s Center, 2545 W. Turner Road, 209-365-0621,

Klinker Brick Winery, 15887 N. Alpine Road, Lodi, 209-224-5156,

Heritage Oak Winery, 10112 E. Woodbridge Road, Acampo, 209-986-2763,

Cheese Central, 11 N. School St., Lodi, 209-368-3033,

Micke Grove Park, A&W Root Beer, 216 E. Lodi Ave., Lodi, 209-368-8548,

Habañero Hots, 1024 E. Victor Road, Lodi, 209-369-3791, Try local varietals at the visitor center, and pick up cheese at Cheese Central.